The South Pole of the Moon is one of the most sought after places in space right now. As of recently, there have been made many discoveries, the most important of all being the ice water that accumulated in the craters in the polar region. The finding is crucial for the future missions on the moon as astronomers could use it to explore Earth’s natural satellite more efficiently and also as a drinkable liquid. The water can also be used to create rocket fuel.
The first one to plan a lunar mission is NASA, which has taken the year 2024 as a time frame to reach the moon and create a lunar station. The Europeans are right behind them with the exact aim; they want to create the “Moon Village” settlement. And last but not least, China. China is planning to build a lunar station in the near foreseeable future.
Space Race for the Moon’s South Pole Commenced and China Is Winning
Ever since the late 1950s, China concentrated its efforts to become one of the superpowers that sent satellites and rockets into space. The China National Space Administration (CNSA) has already conveyed four robotic missions to the moon, not to mention a multitude of space rockets and satellites.
The country’s Lunar Exploration Program has four phases. The first phase involved the launch of Chang’e-1 and Chang’e-2. Both were lunar orbiters that were supposed to chart the moon to smooth the way to future missions. The second phase entailed Chang’e-3 and Chang’e-4, which are soft-landers that put out rovers on the Moon.
Chang’e-4 is on-going as the rover it deployed is still on the moon. The third phase, Chang’e-5-T1 and Chang’e-5 are lunar sample-return missions. And the last step, Chang’e-6, 7 and 8 are missions that are to be deployed in the future to examine the lunar South Pole. All these missions had the sole aim to accomplish the creation of “The Lunar Scientific Research Station.”
Andre Blair s is the lead editor for Advocator.ca. He holds a B.A. in Psychology from the University of Toronto, and a Master of Science in Public Health (M.S.P.H.) from the School of Public Health, Department of Health Administration, at the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill. Andre specializes in environmental health, but writes on a variety of issues.