An international team of scientists, managed by Professor Eske Willerslev of the St John’s College, University of Cambridge and director of The Lundbeck Foundation Centre for GeoGenetics at the University of Copenhagen, found two 31,000-year-old milk teeth in an archaeological site in northern Siberia. Along with the discovery of other 10,000-year-old ancient human remains in different locations from Siberia, the scientists have the evidence that there is a connection with the Native Americans, even though the group of people living there during the Ice Age stays anonymous.
The team named the group ‘Ancient North Siberians’ and firmly believe that their existence is a big part of human history. In the RHS archeological site (Yana Rhinoceros Horn Site) near the Yana River in Russia, scientists revealed over 2,500 artifacts of animal bones and ivory, stone tools that prove human habitation. In this site, there were also discovered two small milk teeth and, based on their DNA recovered, and those are the only humans remains from the era.
The Nature journal published the study which tells us that Ancient North Siberians faced, 31,000 years ago, harsh conditions and survived by hunting woolly mammoths, rhinoceroses, and bison. The Ancient people lived in groups, and the genetic analysis of the milk teeth showed no evidence that inbreeding occurred in the declining Neanderthal population at the time.
Research On 31,000-Year-Old Teeth Revealed That Native American Ancestors
The study, in which 34 samples of human genomes from the archeological sites across northern Siberia and central Russia were analyzed, reveals that the Ancient North Siberians are more related to Europeans than Asians, being possible ancestors of the contemporary people from northern Eurasia and America.
This group of ancient people might be the missing link to understand the genetics of Native American ancestry, as the first humans who made their way in America, using the land of Alaska, were from Siberia. One of the paper’s authors, Professor David Meltzer, Southern Methodist University from Dallas, said: “We gained important insight into population isolation and admixture that took place during the depths of the Last Glacial Maximum – the coldest and harshest time of the peoples who would emerge from that time as the ancestors of the indigenous people of the Americas.”
A 10,000-year-old male remains found in a site in Siberia represented the base of this discovery, and the analyze of his DNA shows us that his ancestry comes from a mixture of Ancient North Siberian DNA and East Asian DNA, being very similar to that found in Native Americans. It is a premier that outside the American ground were found ancient human remains to be so closely related to the Native American people.
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