In recent years, Mars has become a prime candidate for crewed missions as the interest in the barren planet is quite high. If a team were to use the current technology to travel to the planet, it approximately nine months would be needed to reach the planet. A new study argues that resveratrol, a substance which encountered in red wine, could play an essential role in the preservation of muscle mass and strength, as tests on rats infer that it can hamper the wasting effects which could be caused by the Martian gravity.
As the dawn of a new space race is on the horizon, some researchers worry about the bodies of the possible explorers and the toll that would be needed by the journey. Since there is no gravity in space, the muscle and bones tend to weaken. One of the first muscles to be affected is the soleus muscle which can be found in the calf.
Resveratrol could help future Mars explorers maintain their muscular strength
After spending three weeks in space, the soleus muscle will shrink by 33%, according to the lead researchers of the study. The phenomenon is also accompanied by a decrease of slow-twitch muscle fibers, which are essential for endurance. Researchers know that the gravitational pull of Mars reaches 40% of the one of Earth, meaning that scientists must develop comprehensive strategies to mitigate muscle deconditioning.
Dietary habits could play an essential role since the future Mars explorers would not have the option to use the exercise machines which can be found on the ISS, for example. Resveratol, a compound found in grape skin as well as in red wine, features anti-inflammatory, anti-diabetic and anti-oxidative traits among other benefits. While the initial tests offered positive results, further research is needed. The study was published in a scientific journal.
Jasmine holds a Master’s in Journalism from Ryerson University in Toronto and writes professionally in a broad variety of genres. She has worked as a senior manager in public relations and communications for major telecommunication companies, and is the former Deputy Director for Media Relations with the Modern Coalition. Jasmine writes primarily in our LGBTTQQIAAP and Science section.