Despite facing some issues recently, the Hubble Space Telescope has managed to capture astonishing images of the brightest quasars in the early universe.
In less than a billion of years after the Big Bang took place, a supermassive black hole started to consume everything that floated within its intense gravitational pull. The phenomenon initiated a chain of star formation around the black hole, which leads to the appearance of a galaxy. The immense energy generated by the process is on par with the light emitted by 600 trillion suns at the same time.
Quasars are fascinating galactic regions which release a high amount of light. They are found at the core of a galaxy, being fueled by the supermassive black hole at the center of each galaxy. In a way, they could be considered as a type of lighthouses which provide a shard of light in the infinite void.
Astronomers spotted 83 quasars in the early universe with the help of Hubble Space Telescope
A team of astronomers has managed to discover some 83 quasars which were fueled by its own supermassive black hole in the early universe. The discovery has increased the number of known black holes by a considerable amount. The new information may reveal how supermassive black holes appeared and developed while the universe was still in its infancy.
Supermassive black holes are located in the center of galaxies. Their mass is millions or even billions of times more significant than that of the sun. They continue to appear in large modern even today, but how they formed and the mechanics of their evolution have remained a mystery until now.
Researchers are unable to observe black holes directly but when a supermassive black hole consumes a high amount of matter it will emit a strong energy pulse which can be seen across the universe. This phenomenon is known as a quasar. The 83 quasars will provide plenty of material for the researchers as they will try to learn more about them and supermassive black holes in the early universe. Below, you can see one of the images captured by Hubble Space Telescope, showing the brightest quasar observed in the new study.
Andre Blair s is the lead editor for Advocator.ca. He holds a B.A. in Psychology from the University of Toronto, and a Master of Science in Public Health (M.S.P.H.) from the School of Public Health, Department of Health Administration, at the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill. Andre specializes in environmental health, but writes on a variety of issues.