Everyone knows that black holes are some of the most mysterious entities in the whole universe. Now, it seems that researchers have come one step closers to understanding the massive phenomenon.
Black holes are parts of spacetime, and they are displaying such massive gravitational pull that nothing, not even light, can escape them.
Black holes are shaped like fountains
They were thought to have the shape of a donut, but it seems that scientists have to rewrite astronomical rulebooks after they found out that black holes actually look like 3D fountains.
It was discovered that black holes are incredibly complex after they studied one that 14 million light-years away.
It seems that the gas surrounding black holes spews from them in a 3D fountain, the latest research has revealed.
Atacama Large Millimeter/submillimetre Array (ALMA) simulations now suggest the donut is really a more bizarre structure compromised of three constantly circulating gases.
Researchers have been observing a supermassive black hole at the center of the Ciricinus galaxy.
Data from this was compared this with a simulation of gas into a black hole, using the Cray XC30 ATERUI supercomputer.
The conclusions are challenging the belief that matter falling into a black hole can build up around it in order to form a donut structure. Now, the latest results are suggesting that the process has three steps.
For starters, the cold gas forms a disk near the plane of rotation, and it heats up until the molecules break down.
Some of these molecules are expelled above and below the disk, and then they create a fountain-like structure.
“Previous theoretical models set a prior assumptions of rigid donuts,” said Keiichi Wada, a Kagoshima University theoretician.
“Rather than starting from assumptions, our simulation started from the physical equations and showed for the first time that the gas circulation naturally forms a donut.”
Rada attended the courses in the Faculty of Letters, Romanian-English section, and finished the Faculty of Theatre and Television, Theatrical Journalism section, both within the framework of Babeş-Bolyai University of Cluj-Napoca. Up till now, she reviewed books, movies, and theatre-plays, enjoying subjects from the cultural niche. Her experience in writing also intersects the IT niche, given the fact that she worked as a content editor for firms that produce software for mobile devices. She is collaborating with online advertising agencies, writing articles for several websites and blogs.