Recent research suggested that Proxima Centauri B, the closest exoplanet to us, situated at only 4.2 light years, could house water. Therefore, alien life might exist on this Earth’s neighbor.
Proxima Centauri B, discovered in 2016, has ever since raised many questions among scientists as the in-depth studies on this exoplanet indicated that the exoplanet might have a surface very similar to our own planet. A recent study, however, suggests something more astonishing. Namely, the researchers now believe Proxima Centauri B houses liquid water.
The outcomes of the new research, obtained after running computer simulations of the nearest exoplanet to us, revealed the planet is locked in tidally with its star, Proxima Centauri, which means that the exoplanet is experiencing a perpetual day on one face and night on the other. The water on the night side of the planet would be frozen, while that on the dayside might be liquid.
Proxima Centauri B could house water, the basic condition for the existence of alien life on an exoplanet
“Climate models with static oceans suggest that Proxima b could harbor a small dayside surface ocean despite its weak instellation,” said the researchers.
“The major message from our simulations is that there’s a decent chance that the planet would be habitable,” also said Anthony Del Genio, a planetary scientist at the NASA Goddard Institute for Space Studies.
According to the researchers, Proxima Centauri B, the closest exoplanet to our solar system, might house “a dynamic ocean, a hypothetical ocean-covered Proxima Centauri b with an atmosphere similar to modern Earth’s can have a habitable climate with a broad region of the open ocean, extending to the nightside at low latitudes.”
As reported, Proxima Centauri B, which orbits Earth’s nearest star, is a rocky exoplanet with a very similar size to Earth. If the researchers’ assumptions are correct, then Proxima Centauri B might indeed house alien life.
Jasmine holds a Master’s in Journalism from Ryerson University in Toronto and writes professionally in a broad variety of genres. She has worked as a senior manager in public relations and communications for major telecommunication companies, and is the former Deputy Director for Media Relations with the Modern Coalition. Jasmine writes primarily in our LGBTTQQIAAP and Science section.