Melanoma is the deadliest skin cancer, prevalent in young women. According to the American Academy of Dermatology and the North American Association of Central Cancer Registries, melanoma is the second most common type of cancer in young women (between 15-29 years old). Over 3,000 women die from melanoma per year.
The U.S. CDC says that exposure to sun increases the risk of skin cancer. People in the continental Unites Stated should avoid sunbathing between 9 a.m. and 3 p.m.
Furthermore, doctors link melanoma cases to constant use of tanning beds that expose the body to a high dose of UV light.
“UV rays from the sun and indoor tanning devices can damage the skin. Every time you tan, you increase your risk of getting skin cancer,” warns CDC.
Other Factors to Increase the Risk of Skin Cancer
Andrew Alexis is the chair of dermatology at Mount Sinai West and Mount Sinai St. Luke’s (New York City). He said that a person with other health conditions or that receive some treatments which suppress their immune systems could have a higher risk of skin cancer. This is because they’re more likely to be sensitive to sun damage.
People that get immunosuppressive therapy for psoriasis, severe lupus, rheumatologic conditions, and chemotherapy or people with uncontrolled HIV are more at risk for sun damage.
Moreover, oral drugs can increase photosensitivity: acne treatment, antidepressants, antibiotics, antifungals, and anti-inflammatories.
People with a deficit in vitamin B3 (niacin) are more sensitive to the sun. However, they can increase vitamin B3 intake by consuming meat, peanuts, mushrooms or fortified grains.
Eating foods like lime, parsley and celery can increase photosensitivity.
The CDC also added that some people are more likely to get skin cancer. If they had a family or a personal history of skin cancer, the risk is higher.
People with light skin, many moles, many sunburns in the early life, people that easily burn, or redden are at an increased risk of skin cancer.
Lastly, blond, fair, freckled people with blue or green eye are more likely to get skin cancer.
Andre Blair s is the lead editor for Advocator.ca. He holds a B.A. in Psychology from the University of Toronto, and a Master of Science in Public Health (M.S.P.H.) from the School of Public Health, Department of Health Administration, at the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill. Andre specializes in environmental health, but writes on a variety of issues.