Young Women at High Risk of Melanoma: What Increases the Risk For Skin Cancer?

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Melanoma is the deadliest skin cancer, prevalent in young women. According to the American Academy of Dermatology and the North American Association of Central Cancer Registries, melanoma is the second most common type of cancer in young women (between 15-29 years old). Over 3,000 women die from melanoma per year.

The U.S. CDC says that exposure to sun increases the risk of skin cancer. People in the continental Unites Stated should avoid sunbathing between 9 a.m. and 3 p.m.

Furthermore, doctors link melanoma cases to constant use of tanning beds that expose the body to a high dose of UV light.

“UV rays from the sun and indoor tanning devices can damage the skin. Every time you tan, you increase your risk of getting skin cancer,” warns CDC.

Other Factors to Increase the Risk of Skin Cancer

Andrew Alexis is the chair of dermatology at Mount Sinai West and Mount Sinai St. Luke’s (New York City). He said that a person with other health conditions or that receive some treatments which suppress their immune systems could have a higher risk of skin cancer. This is because they’re more likely to be sensitive to sun damage.

People that get immunosuppressive therapy for psoriasis, severe lupus, rheumatologic conditions, and chemotherapy or people with uncontrolled HIV are more at risk for sun damage.

Moreover, oral drugs can increase photosensitivity: acne treatment, antidepressants, antibiotics, antifungals, and anti-inflammatories.

People with a deficit in vitamin B3 (niacin) are more sensitive to the sun. However, they can increase vitamin B3 intake by consuming meat, peanuts, mushrooms or fortified grains.

Eating foods like lime, parsley and celery can increase photosensitivity.

The CDC also added that some people are more likely to get skin cancer. If they had a family or a personal history of skin cancer, the risk is higher.

People with light skin, many moles, many sunburns in the early life, people that easily burn, or redden are at an increased risk of skin cancer.

Lastly, blond, fair, freckled people with blue or green eye are more likely to get skin cancer.

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Andre Blair s is the lead editor for Advocator.ca. He holds a B.A. in Psychology from the University of Toronto, and a Master of Science in Public Health (M.S.P.H.) from the School of Public Health, Department of Health Administration, at the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill. Andre specializes in environmental health, but writes on a variety of issues.


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1 Comment

  1. Here is a follow-up comment on my previous comment about melanoma. This one will let you know a bit more about the beneficial health effects of sunbeds (tanning beds):
    • A twenty-year study showed that sunbed users had a 23% reduced risk of all-cause death.
    • Sunbed use is associated with increased vitamin D levels.
    • Sunbed use is associated with stronger bones
    • Sunbed use can cure psoriasis and eczema and tanning beds are often recommended by dermatologists.
    • Sunbed use more than three times yearly is associated with a 40-50% reduced risk of endometrial cancer.
    • Sunbed use is associated to lower breast-cancer risk.
    • Sunbeds are able to take winter vitamin D levels up to summer levels in a period of five weeks. Vitamin D is absolutely necessary to optimal human health.
    • A 20-year study demonstrated that both sun exposure and sunbed exposure reduced the risk of death; women who used tanning beds were 23% less likely to die of any cause than women who did not use them.
    • Sunbed use is associated with a reduced risk of clots.
    •·Sunbeds can also help to build a protective tan, which prevents sun damage during sunny vacations.
    To learn more: sunlightinstitute.org

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