Newly Discovered Foal Buried in the Siberian Permafrost for 42.000 Years Could be Cloned

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An exciting discovery has been made in Russia! An extinct species of a horse was found buried 30 meters deep in the Siberian permafrost for 42.000 years. The Foal is from the Pleistocene epoch, and the scientists believe that the ice age animal belongs to the Lenskaya horse species. The foal was discovered last year by some locals in the Verkhoyansk region from Russia.

How Was the Discovery Possible?

Because of the Earth’s climate gets warmer, the permafrost which is located in the Arctic and Antarctic regions are starting to melt. In the permafrost, the rock or soil remains at 0° or colder for at least two consecutive years. So when the defrost is beginning, more and more ancient preserved animals are being revealed.  Russia has the most important museum with ice age animals, the Mammoth Museum in Yakutsk. This significant collection of ice age animals includes a mammoth, an elk, and a wolf, all of them very well preserved. But the discovery beats them all.

How’s the Foal Remains Are Looking?

After many ice age remains discovered over time, the scientists have in front of them one of the best-preserved animal found ever. Most of the bodies are not complete or are deformed, with many damages on the body. But the foal is completely preserved, in excellent condition and even the hair is present. Most of the fossilized animal lose hair during the preservation process, but at this exemplary, the scientists have established that the horse had a paler body and a dark-colored mane and tail.

Furthermore, and prepare for this information because will amaze you: the internal organs, including the digestive system, are in excellent condition. The scientists have done an autopsy, and they have found this fact unusual because blood tends to clot on the bodies preserved in permafrost. The foal is the second case of a fossil with liquid blood samples in the body.

Finally, the foal was less than two weeks when it died, and by the dust founded in its gastrointestinal tract, the animal has died trapped in mud. The issue with the blood, on the other hand, is that they will have a hard job to extract DNA from white blood cells. The red blood cells don’t contain DNA, and the white ones degrade quickly, making it hard to obtain. So for a future cloning, they will have to extract DNA from muscle tissues and internal organs for genetic material.


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