Do You Know What Settlement Patterns the Ancient Neanderthals Have?

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New researchers are made by a team from University La Laguna from Spain, about the settlement patterns of the ancient Neanderthals with the help of old fire remains. The study is conducted in the site El Salt from Spain, that is a Middle Paleolithic site, and it contains a lot of well-preserved open houses. The site is offering scientists eleven hearths that are being studied by the layers from inside of them and the structures.

What Can They Analyze and Discover on the Site?

The team can identify a lot of interesting facts about the way the Neanderthals have lived or what they have done there. With the help of the micromorphology of the layers of earth that is presented inside the houses, they know how long people have lived on that settlement. Also, the fact that they can use the lipid biomarkers and isotope analysis for discovering what the Neanderthals were eating, it’s mind-blowing!

Moreover, the discoveries continue with the multiple layers of topsoil found in the hearths. For adding multiple layers to their houses, they have to use herbivore excrements and flowering plants to create them. Also, the sheets are from different periods. Another conclusion of the scientists is that the Neanderthals haven’t stayed too much in one place. The evidence for this conclusion is formed from bone shards and conifer wood charcoal. The last was brought to the El Salt from another location.

Finally, the leader of the study, Lucia Leierer says that they have found a lot of crucial factors that influence the settlement patterns and group mobility. With the evidence the team has gathered, it can be said that the Neanderthals have lived for almost four successive short-term periods. These periods were being separated by other extended periods.


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