New researchers are made by a team from University La Laguna from Spain, about the settlement patterns of the ancient Neanderthals with the help of old fire remains. The study is conducted in the site El Salt from Spain, that is a Middle Paleolithic site, and it contains a lot of well-preserved open houses. The site is offering scientists eleven hearths that are being studied by the layers from inside of them and the structures.
What Can They Analyze and Discover on the Site?
The team can identify a lot of interesting facts about the way the Neanderthals have lived or what they have done there. With the help of the micromorphology of the layers of earth that is presented inside the houses, they know how long people have lived on that settlement. Also, the fact that they can use the lipid biomarkers and isotope analysis for discovering what the Neanderthals were eating, it’s mind-blowing!
Moreover, the discoveries continue with the multiple layers of topsoil found in the hearths. For adding multiple layers to their houses, they have to use herbivore excrements and flowering plants to create them. Also, the sheets are from different periods. Another conclusion of the scientists is that the Neanderthals haven’t stayed too much in one place. The evidence for this conclusion is formed from bone shards and conifer wood charcoal. The last was brought to the El Salt from another location.
Finally, the leader of the study, Lucia Leierer says that they have found a lot of crucial factors that influence the settlement patterns and group mobility. With the evidence the team has gathered, it can be said that the Neanderthals have lived for almost four successive short-term periods. These periods were being separated by other extended periods.
Brad is a former Senior Fellow at the Schuster Institute for Investigative Journalism at Brandeis University, is an award-winning travel, culture, and parenting writer. His writing has appeared in many of the Canada’s most respected and credible publications, including the Toronto Star, CBC News and on the cover of Smithsonian Magazine. A meticulous researcher who’s not afraid to be controversial, he is nationally known as a journalist who opens people’s eyes to the realities behind accepted practices in the care of children. Brad is a contributing journalist to Advocator.ca