The planet is at risk of overheating, temperatures will be 4-5 degrees Celsius higher than previously recorded; greenhouse emissions register higher levels, new reports show.
A report published on Monday in the Proceedings of the National Academy Services comes right in the middle of the heatwave that killed nearly 91 people in Greece and temperatures all around Europe are above 40 degrees Celsius causing wildfires and drought.
In 2015 more than 200 countries agreed to lower the limit with 2 degrees Celsius in pre-industrial levels, so that the greenhouse effect could be held under control.
The same research pointed out that it’s not clear if this helped or if this triggered other processes that might warm the planet more.
At this point at the pre-industrial level temperatures are over 1 degree Celsius.
Researchers from the Stockholm Resilience Centre, the University of Copenhagen, Australian National University and the Potsdam Institute for Climate Impact Research said that if some critical points are crossed this will lead to an irreversible change and some places on Earth will become inhabitable.
For e.g. the loss of methane hydrates from the ocean floor, a weaker land, the loss of Artic summer and the reduction of Antarctic sea ice and polar ice sheets are irreversible processes that will lead to this conclusion.
Johan Rockström, co-author of the report published in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences and executive director of the Stockholm Resilience Centre said that “these elements are like a domino, once one is pushed over, it pushes the Earth to another.”
“it will be almost impossible to stop the row of dominos but we can put a stop to some of them, but this will not mean that there won’t be inhabitable places on Earth.”
We must act in all directions, not only to reduce the greenhouse effect, the same report says.
For e.g., improved agricultural, forest and soil management; biodiversity that remove carbon dioxide from the atmosphere and store it underground are needed.
Phil Williamson climate researcher at the University of East Anglia said that the summer of 2018 should not raise so many eyebrows, we should not raise a false alarm.
Jasmine holds a Master’s in Journalism from Ryerson University in Toronto and writes professionally in a broad variety of genres. She has worked as a senior manager in public relations and communications for major telecommunication companies, and is the former Deputy Director for Media Relations with the Modern Coalition. Jasmine writes primarily in our LGBTTQQIAAP and Science section.