Acne can be a really disturbing skin condition, and as if this wouldn’t be bad enough, it can also cause the skin to scar. This means that the condition can leave a long-lasting reminder of the troubling issues that one’s skin used to have.
People have been trying to cope with such long-lasting signs using all kinds of treatments, but they don’t usually have a lot of success, unfortunately.
“Acne scars are due to either untreated acne or severe acne,” says Dr. Paul Cohen, a dermatologist, and owner of Rosedale Dermatology Centre in Toronto. “They form when inflammation in the skin causes a change in the collagen.”
There are two types of acne
There are two main types of acne: the condition can be temporary red or brown marks which are known as hyperpigmentation, and there are also the more aggressive ones which can trigger a change in the surface of the skin.
The scars that are left by the former ones are more often seen on darker skin tones, and the latter appear on all types of skin.
“These [deeper scars] form when there has been so much inflammation that the collagen is affected and it no longer regenerates properly, thus leaving the person with what looks like a divot in the skin or really large pores.”
Treating acne scars
According to Cohen, the first line of treatment should always be prevention, especially in individuals with darker skin tones because they are more prone to them.
On the other hand, if the scars are already there, despite all the efforts of prevention, he says that there are a few different treatments that include using topical creams and more invasive procedures.
He brings up prescription retinol cream, which is basically a vitamin A derivative. It seems that, over time, this can stimulate collagen growth and this can help with the pigmentation of the scars.
Chemical peels and microdermabrasion can also help with the scarring.
Deeper scars can be addressed with subcision which is a minor surgical procedure which a bit of the skin is cut under the scar in order to break the fiber strands that are tethering the scar down.
Also, hyaluronic fillers such as Restylane or Juvederm can be injected under the scar to push the skin back temporarily and decrease its appearance.
If none of the above works, there are also more intense laser resurfacing procedures.
“At the end of the day, the real take-home is prevention: don’t pick at pimples, don’t leave aggressive acne untreated and see your doctor if you’re getting acne that’s leaving marks on your skin,” Cohen concludes.
Rada attended the courses in the Faculty of Letters, Romanian-English section, and finished the Faculty of Theatre and Television, Theatrical Journalism section, both within the framework of Babeş-Bolyai University of Cluj-Napoca. Up till now, she reviewed books, movies, and theatre-plays, enjoying subjects from the cultural niche. Her experience in writing also intersects the IT niche, given the fact that she worked as a content editor for firms that produce software for mobile devices. She is collaborating with online advertising agencies, writing articles for several websites and blogs.