The Nubian Desert has holding a surprise for scientists that were looking for a meteor fallen north of Sudan. Inside that meteor, there are specks of diamonds!
A new scientific report argues that these diamonds were formed inside a planet that was alive at the beginning of the solar system.
Looking at the large gemstones, scientists believe that this is a direct evidence that there was a mysterious planet and disappeared a long time ago from our solar system. The planet was either absorbed by another one or collided with it, or was cast off into space or incinerated in the sun.
Some part of this planet remained in the system as a small asteroid – about 4 meters across and one night, after millions of years of staying in space, it fell on Earth. In 2008, astronomer Richard Kowalski was at the Mount Lemmon telescope in Arizona, when he saw a blip on a screen.
Almahata Sitta – A Famous Meteor
This asteroid was famous for the diamonds, but also because it was the first object to get its journey tracked from space and towards its impact on Earth.
Hours passed after Kowalski spotted the meteor. Then it entered the atmosphere over North Sudan, and it exploded in a giant fireball that has been seen by a passing passenger jet. The pilots have been warned to watch out for an incoming object.
Then NASA tracked it and about 10 kg of hundreds of meteor pieces have been recovered.
Since the meteorite reached the scientists, they’ve been conducting experiments on it. A study led by Farhang Nabiei of École Polytechnique Fédérale de Lausanne showed that the diamonds in the meteorite have been created by “static high-pressure growth”, exactly how diamonds are created naturally on Earth when carbon is compressed under the weight of the Earth’s gravity.
“Although this is the first compelling evidence for such a large body that has since disappeared, their existence in the early solar system has been predicted by planetary formation models,” writes the study.
Andre Blair s is the lead editor for Advocator.ca. He holds a B.A. in Psychology from the University of Toronto, and a Master of Science in Public Health (M.S.P.H.) from the School of Public Health, Department of Health Administration, at the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill. Andre specializes in environmental health, but writes on a variety of issues.