A new study on European women shows that alcohol consumption is linked with an increased risk of PMS. The researchers have analyzed 19 studies that included over 47,000 participants from eight countries.
Out of all the participants, the ones that drank moderate amounts of alcohol were 45% were more likely (than the ones that didn’t drink alcohol at all) to have symptoms like tender breasts, mood swings, food cravings and fatigue before their periods.
The participants that drank high amounts of alcohol were 79% more likely to experience PMS symptoms.
The study was published in the British Medical Journal Open and the researchers claim that “based on the figures above and on our results, we estimate that 11 percent of the PMS cases may be associated to alcohol intake worldwide and 21 percent in Europe. Furthermore, heavy drinking may be associated with four percent of the PMS cases in the world and over nine percent in Europe.”
In Europe, 6 out of 10 women drink alcohol and 12.6% are heavy drinkers. The authors concluded that if heavy drinking will be eliminated, it “would then prevent one in every 12 cases of PMS in Europe.”
Severe PMS Symptoms Linked to Heavy Drinking
Some studies linked severe PMS symptoms with alcohol, but they have made the correlation because women drank to deal with the symptoms.
The study argues that drinking alcohol could alter the levels hormones, as it has an impact on “hormones and neurotransmitters”, said Dr Nick Panay, who is a consultant gynecologist.
However, Panay has stated that the study did include different important factors, like diet, smoking lifestyle, or stress levels, but they need to continue the research and see a clear connection between PMS and alcohol intake.
He added that the research is “limited in its usefulness by the studies which have been included,” and that many of the studies the researchers have analysed “were not designed to study the impact of alcohol consumption on PMS as a primary outcome measure; it is, therefore, essential that further research is conducted to confirm the findings.”
Andre Blair s is the lead editor for Advocator.ca. He holds a B.A. in Psychology from the University of Toronto, and a Master of Science in Public Health (M.S.P.H.) from the School of Public Health, Department of Health Administration, at the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill. Andre specializes in environmental health, but writes on a variety of issues.